Details of LS4101 (Autumn 2019)

Level: 4 Type: Theory Credits: 4.0

Course CodeCourse NameInstructor(s)
LS4101 Plant Biology Robert John Chandran,
Sreeramaiah Gangappa

Syllabus
PLANT DIVERSITY\\
Plants colonized land, evolutionary innovations of land plants, alternation of generations, plant life cycles, further adaptations of land plants, phylogeny of plants, groups of non-vascular and vascular plants, evolution of seed plants, major clades in seed plants, seed plant reproduction and life cycles, seed plants and human welfare.\\
PLANT ANATOMY\\
Structural characteristics of mature and developing cells, tissues, and organs of vascular plants, with special emphasis on the vegetative parts of flowering plants.\\
PLANT REPRODUCTION (ANGIOSPERMS)\\
Flowering plant reproduction, angiosperm alternation of generations, fertilization, development of the seed and fruit, fruits and seed dispersal, seed dormancy, and allocation to reproduction.\\
SYSTEMATICS OF FLOWERING PLANTS\\
Introduces the principles and methods of the identification, naming, classification, systematics, and evolution of flowering plants; includes a survey of selected flowering plant families with information on their interrelationships.\\
PHOTOSYNTHESIS \\
Light harvesting complexes; mechanisms of electron transport; photoprotective mechanisms; CO2 fixation-C3, C4 and CAM pathways.\\
RESPIRATION AND PHOTORESPIRATION \\
Citric acid cycle; plant mitochondrial electron transport and ATP synthesis; alternate oxidase; photorespiratory pathway.\\
NITROGEN METABOLISM \\
Nitrate and ammonium assimilation; amino acid biosynthesis.\\
PLANT HORMONES \\
Biosynthesis, storage, breakdown and transport; physiological effects and mechanisms of action.\\
SENSORY PHOTOBIOLOGY \\
Structure, function and mechanisms of action of phytochromes, cryptochromes and phototropins; stomatal movement; photoperiodism and biological clocks.\\
SOLUTE TRANSPORT AND PHOTOASSIMILATE TRANSLOCATION\\
Uptake, transport and translocation of water, ions, solutes and macromolecules from soil, through cells, across membranes, through xylem and phloem; transpiration; mechanisms of loading and unloading of photoassimilates.\\
SECONDARY METABOLITES \\
Biosynthesis of terpenes, phenols and nitrogenous compounds and their roles.\\
STRESS PHYSIOLOGY \\
Responses of plants to biotic (pathogen and insects) and abiotic (water, temperature and salt) stresses; mechanisms of resistance to biotic stress and tolerance to abiotic stress.

References

  1. Biology of Plants. Peter H. Raven, R. F. Evert, S. E. Eichhorn. 7th Ed.. W. H. Freeman 2005.
  2. Plant Physiology, Fifth Edition by Lincoln Taiz and Eduardo Zeiger. 2010
  3. Mechanisms in Plant Development by Ottoline Leyser and Stephen Day (2003)
  4. Plant Systematics. By Michael G. Simpson, Elsevier Academic Press, 2006
  5. Plant Structure: Function and Development. J. A. Romberger, Z. Hejnowicz and J.F. Hill. 2004

Course Credit Options

Sl. No.ProgrammeSemester NoCourse Choice
1 IP 1 Not Allowed
2 IP 3 Core
3 IP 5 Not Allowed
4 MR 1 Not Allowed
5 MR 3 Not Allowed
6 MS 7 Core
7 RS 1 Elective
8 RS 2 Elective