## Details of CH2201 (Spring 2020)

Level: 2 |
Type: Theory |
Credits: 2.0 |

Course Code | Course Name | Instructor(s) |
---|---|---|

CH2201 |
Fundamentals of Spectroscopy |
Ratheesh K Vijayaraghavan |

Syllabus |
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1. Introduction: Interaction of radiation with matter, Spectroscopic transition between two
stationary states, Transition probability and Selection Rules, Absorption and emission of a photon, Einstein A and B coefficients, Line shape functions, Spectral broadening mechanisms (homogeneous, inhomogeneous, collision, thermal, Doppler, solvation, instrumental -qualitative treatment), Fourier Transform, spectral resolution. (5 lectures) 2. Rotational spectroscopy: Diatomic molecules, rigid rotor approximation, energy levels, selection rules, rotational lines with a constant gap and determination of bond length, population of energy levels and intensity of spectral lines, isotope effect, non-rigid rotor, energy levels and spectroscopic consequences, classification of polyatomic molecules, different top categories. (4 lectures) 3. Vibrational spectroscopy: Diatomic molecules, Harmonic oscillator (Hookes approximation), energy levels and wave functions for a Schrdinger oscillator, selection rules, population of energy levels, potential energy curves, Morse potential, energy levels, selection rules, existence of overtones and hot bands, vibration-rotation spectrum, rigid rotor-anharmonic oscillator model, energy expressions, selection rules, P,Q,R branches, Born-Oppenheimer approximation and its breakdown, Polyatomic molecules and normal modes of vibration, applications of vibrational spectroscopy. (5 lectures) 4. Raman spectroscopy: Historical background, Rayleigh and Raman scattering, Stokes and anti-Stokes lines, applications of Raman spectroscopy. (1 lecture) 5. Electronic spectroscopy: Principal quantum number and energy levels, spin-orbit coupling, singlet and triplet states, Franck-Condon principle, spectroscopic determination of dissociation energy, decay of an electronically excited state, photophysical processes, Jablonsky diagram, fluorescence and phosphorescence, excited state lifetime and quantum yield. (8 lectures) 6. Photoelectron spectroscopy: Basics about ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS) and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), application to chemistry. (2 lectures) |

References |
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1. Basic molecular spectroscopy, P.A. Gorry, Butterworth & Co. (Publishers) Ltd 1985.
2. Quantum chemistry and spectroscopy (3rd Ed), Thomas Engel, Warrem Hehre, Pearson (Publishers), ISBN-13: 978-0321766199. 3. P. W. Atkins and J. de Paula, Physical Chemistry, Oxford University Press, Oxford. 4. C.N. Banwell and E.M. McCash, Fundamentals of Molecular Spectroscopy, TataMcGraw Hill, New Delhi. 5. Spectra of atoms and molecules, Peter. F. Bernath, Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford. |

#### Course Credit Options

Sl. No. | Programme | Semester No | Course Choice |
---|---|---|---|

1 | IP | 2 | Not Allowed |

2 | IP | 4 | Not Allowed |

3 | IP | 6 | Not Allowed |

4 | MR | 2 | Not Allowed |

5 | MR | 4 | Not Allowed |

6 | MS | 4 | Core |

7 | RS | 1 | Not Allowed |

8 | RS | 2 | Not Allowed |