 Concepts:
 Essential mathematical tools; Concepts of heat, work, entropy, free energy minimization; Boltzmann Distribution
 Revision of random walk, Persistence length
 Fluctuations, Diffusion and Dissipation.
 Nonbonded interactions, Bjerrum length, Debye screening, PoissonBoltzmann Equation;
 Nonequilibrium distribution of ions in cells: Donnan Equilibrium, Nernst Potential;
 Macroscopic manifestation: Reynolds Number, Naviers Stokes Equation;
 Stochastic processes.
 Systems/processes from different scales:
 Forces and energetics of Protein structure and folding; Allosteric interactions;
 Membrane structure and mechanics;
 Forces generated by actin polymerization, molecular motors;
 Mechanisms of origin and propagation of action potential;
 Mechanism of bacterial motility, understanding blood flow through capillaries;
 Pattern formation and oscillations in biosystems.
